A Review of Second Language Research Methods by Herbert W. Seliger and Elana Shohamy
Second Language Research Methods is a comprehensive guide for anyone interested in conducting research in the field of second language acquisition. The book provides a thorough overview of the research process, from developing research questions and hypotheses, to data collection and analysis, to validation of research instruments. One of the strengths of the book is its emphasis on the importance of defining clear research parameters. By outlining four key parameters (the language skill, the language context, the learner population, and the research design), the authors help researchers to design studies that are both focused and feasible. They also provide a useful framework for interpreting and comparing research findings.
The book covers a range of research methods, including naturalistic observation, introspection, and experimental design. Each method is explained in detail, with examples and activities to help readers apply the concepts in their own research. Another valuable feature of the book is its attention to validity and reliability in research. The authors provide clear explanations of these concepts and offer practical suggestions for ensuring that research instruments are valid and reliable.
Overall, Second Language Research Methods is an excellent resource for researchers, students, and teachers in the field of second language acquisition. The book's clear explanations, examples, and activities make it accessible to readers at all levels of expertise. The book was published by OUP Oxford in 1989 and has 270 pages. It is available as a PDF file online[^1^] [^2^] [^3^].
The book is divided into three parts. The first part introduces the basic concepts and terminology of second language research, such as variables, validity, reliability, and ethics. It also explains how to formulate research questions and hypotheses based on four research parameters: the language skill (e.g. reading, writing, speaking, listening), the language context (e.g. naturalistic, instructed, immersion), the learner population (e.g. age, proficiency level, motivation), and the research design (e.g. descriptive, experimental, qualitative). The second part discusses various types of research methods and designs, such as naturalistic observation, introspection, surveys and questionnaires, tests and measurements, experimental research, and qualitative research. It also provides examples of how to collect and analyze data using different techniques and tools. The third part focuses on the validation of research instruments and the interpretation and reporting of research results. It covers topics such as pilot testing, factor analysis, statistical tests, descriptive and inferential statistics, and writing research reports.
The book is written in a clear and accessible style, with frequent summaries, examples, and activities to help readers check their understanding and apply their knowledge. The book also includes references for further reading and an index of key terms. The book is suitable for both novice and experienced researchers who want to learn more about the principles and practices of second language research. It can also be used as a textbook for courses on research methods in applied linguistics or second language acquisition. 0efd9a6b88